The M1903 Springfield rifle was an American magazine fed bolt action rifle with a 5 round clip.
This rifle was introduced in 1903, with its design heavily influenced by mauser rifles encountered during the spanish american war. The rifle saw widespread use in the First World War, and would remain a staple of US forces through World War Two, up until the Korean War.
Highly regarded for both its accuracy and reliability, the m1903 was pressed into service as a sniper rifle, especially as its frontline use was eclipsed by the more modern Semi-automatic M1 Garand. None the less the M1903 remained a formidible weapon in the hands of a skilled marksman.
The M1903A4 was the U.S. Army's first attempt at a standardized sniper weapon. M1903A3 actions were fitted with a different stock and a Weaver Model 330 or 330C 2.2x telescopic sight in Redfield Jr. mounts; the front and rear iron sights were removed. Barrel specifications were unchanged, and many M1903A4s were equipped with the two-groove 'war emergency' barrel. By all accounts, the M1903A4 was inadequate as a sniper rifle. The Weaver scopes (later standardized as the M73 and M73B1) were not only low-powered in magnification, they were not waterproofed, and frequently fogged over or became waterlogged during humidity changes. When this occurred, the M1904A4's lack of open front or rear sights rendered the weapon useless. Normally used with ordinary M2 ammunition with a 152-grain flat-base bullet, accuracy of the M1903A4 was generally disappointing; some Army snipers who came across Japanese or German sniper rifles quickly adopted the enemy weapons in place of the Springfield. The Marine Corps declined to issue the M1903A4, favoring instead a modified M1903A1 rifle fitted with a Unertl 8x target-type telescopic sight. Many other telescopic sights are also used on this weapon and on the M1 Garand. Like our telescopic sight on the Springfield, the M84 Telescopic sight. This 2.2x scope was the successor of the M81 and M82. Produced by the ibby-Owens-Ford, it went to late in service to have a great impact; April 1945. However, the scope will have a great succes during the Korean War where both the Springfield as wel as the M1 Garand.
|General Historical Information|
|Place of origin||USA|
|Manufacturer|| Remington Arms|
|Type||Bolt action rifle|
|Effective range||400 m (iron sight)|
|Rate of Fire||10–15 rounds/min|
|Ammunition||.30-06 Springfield (7.62×63mm)|
|General Ingame Information|
|Scope||M73 Weaver telescopic sigth|