Adopted by France in 1936, the MAS Modele 36 was intended to replace the aged Berthier and Lebel rifles and was known to be the last bolt action service rifle to be adopted for military use anywhere. However, budget constraints limited its production, and during the Second World War it was used beside earlier rifles in many French army and colonial units. After the Battle of France, the Germans took over a large number of MAS-36s, which were given the designation Gewehr 242(f) and put into service with their own garrison units based in occupied France and later the Volkssturm. The MAS-36 was used extensively by the French Army, as well as colonial forces, during France's postwar operations in the First Indochina War, Algerian War, as well as in the Suez Crisis. It also was used as a sniper weapon and as a base from which to launch grenades.